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  1.贫穷的:poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken

  2.富裕的:rich = wealthy = affluent = well-to-do = well-off

  3.优秀的:excellent = eminent = top = outstanding

  4. 积极的,好的:good = conducive = beneficial=advantageous

  5. 消极的,不良的:bad = detrimental= baneful =undesirable

  6. 明显的:obvious = apparent = evident =manifest

  7. 健康的: healthy = robust = sound = wholesome

  8. 惊人的:surprising = amazing = extraordinary = miraculous

  9. 美丽的:beautiful = attractive = gorgeous = eye-catching

  10. 有活力的:energetic = dynamic = vigorous =animated

  11. 流行的: popular = prevailing = prevalent= pervasive

  12.Everywhere 普遍的Widespread、Prevalent、Overflow、Rampant

  13.Good 好的Beneficial、Advantageous

  14.Rich 富有的Wealthy、Affluent

  15.Poor 贫穷的Impoverished

  16.Harmful 有害的Inhumane、Detrimental、Baneful 7.Serious 严重的Severe

  17.Obvious 明显的Manifest、Apparent、Evident 9.cheap 便宜的Economical、Inexpensive

  18. 提高,加强:improve = enhance= promote = strengthen = optimize

  19. 引起:cause = trigger = endanger

  20. 解决:solve =resolve =address = tackle =cope with = deal with

  21. 拆除:destroy = tear down = knock down = eradicate

  22. 培养: develop = cultivate = foster = nurture

  23. 激发,鼓励:encourage = motivate = stimulate = spur

  24. 认为: think = assert= hold = claim = argue

  25. 完成:complete = fulfill = accomplish= achieve

  26. 保留:keep = preserve = retain = hold

  27. 有害于:destroy = impair = undermine = jeopardize

  28. 减轻: ease = alleviate = relieve = lighten

  29.Improve 提高:Promote、Advance、Enhance

  30.change 改变:Transform

  31.Emphasize 强调:Highlight、Stress、Address(这是个9星级用法)


  33.Break 破坏:Impair、Undermine这两个词指的是抽象意义上的破坏Jeopardize、Devastate

  34.Keep 保存Preserve、Conserve 保护资源

  35.deal With解决Tackle、Address(这也是高难度用法,很牛)、Resolve

  36.need 需要Require、necessitate、call for

  37. 影响:influence= impact

  38. 危险:danger = perils =hazard

  39. 污染:pollution = contamination

  40. 人类:human beings= mankind = human race

  41. 老人: old people= the old = the elderly = the aged = senior citizens

  42. 幸福:happiness = cheerfulness = well-being

  43. 老师:teachers = instructors = educators = lecturers

  44. 教育:education = schooling = family parenting = upbringing

  45. 青少年:young people = youngsters = youths = adolescents

  46. 优点:advantage = merits = superiority = virtue

  47. 责任: responsibility = obligation = duty = liability

  48. 能力: ability = capacity = power = skill

  49. 职业: job = career = employment = profession

  50. 娱乐: enjoyment = pastimes = recreation= entertainment

  51. 孩子: children = offspring = descendant= kid

  52.Forefather 祖先Ancestor、Predecessor


  54.Crime 犯罪Delinquency、Criminal Act

  55.Environment 环境Circumstance、Atmosphere、Surrounding、Ambience

  56.Pollution 污染Contamination

  57.Human 人类The human race  Humanity  Humankind

  58.Danger 危险Peril、Hazard

  59.In modern society 在当今社会In contemporary society In present-day society In this day and age

  60. 充满了:be filled with = be awash with = be inundate with = be saturated with

  61. 努力:struggle for = aspire after = strive for = spare no efforts for

  62. 在当代: in contemporarysociety = in present-day society= in this day and age

  63. 大量的: a host of = a multitude of = a vast number of = a vast amount of

  64解决: Solve, deal with, cope with, handle, resolve, address, tackle

  65损害: Damage, hurt, injure, harm, impair, undermine, jeopardize

  66给与:Give, offer, render, impart, provide, supply, afford

  67培养::Develop, cultivate, foster

  68优势:Advantage, merit, virtue, benefit, upside, strength

  69 缺陷:Disadvantage, demerit, drawback, downside, weakness

  70 使迷惑:Puzzle, bewilder, perplex, baffle

  71重要的:Key, crucial, critical, important, significant, vital, substantial, indispensable, imperative

  72认为:Think, believe, insist, maintain, assert, conclude, deem, hold,  argue, be convinced, be firmly convinced, be fully convinced

  73 保护:Protect, conserve, preserve

  74确保:Assure, ensure, guarantee, pledge

  75 有害的: Bad, baneful evil, harmful, detrimental

  76 要求 :Request, demand, needs, requisition

  77 消除 :Eliminate, clear, remove, clear up, take away, smooth away

  78 导致: Lead to, bring about, result in, cause, spark off, conduce to, procure, induce, generate

  79 因此:So, therefore, thus, hence, consequently, as a consequence, accordingly, as a result, because of this, as a result of this

  80 增长至:Grow to,rise to,increase to,go up to,climb to,ascend to,jump to,shoot to

  81降低至:Dip to,fall to,decline to,decrease to,drop to,go down to,reduce to,slump to,descend to,sink to,slide to

  82保持稳定:Level out,do not change,remain stable,remain still,remain steady,be stable,maintain the same level,remain unchanged,be still,remain the same level,stay constant,keep at the same level,level off,stabilize,keep its stability,even out

  83 急剧地:Dramatically,drastically,sharply,hugely,enormously,steeply,substantially,considerably,significantly,markedly,surprisingly,strikingly,radically,remarkably,vastly,noticeably


  85 宣称:Allege, assert, declare, claim

  86 发生:Happen, occur, take place

  87 原因:Reason, factor, cause

  88 发展:Development, advance, progress

  89 有益的:Useful, helpful, beneficial, profitable, rewarding, advantageous

  90 影响:Influence, impact, effect

  91明显的:Clear, obvious, evident, self-evident, manifest, apparent, crystal-clear

  92占:Comprise, take up, account for, constitute, consist of, make up, occupy, hold, compose

  93与…相比:Compared with,compared to,in comparison with,in comparison to,by comparison with,by comparison to

  94对比而言:By contrast,in contrast,on the other hand,on the contrary=,conversely

  95展示:Show, reveal, illustrate, demonstrate, depict, present, represent, describe


  97波动:Fluctuate,go ups and downs,display a fluctuation,demonstrate a fluctuation

  98事实上:Practically,in practice,essentially,in essence,in reality,in effect,in fact,as a matter of fact,it is a fact that

  99换言之:Namely,that is to say,in other words,to put it like this,to put it differently,to put it from another way,to put it from another angle.

  100.individuals,characters, folks替换people ,persons

  101. consequently, accordingly替换 so

  102: positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising (有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替换good

  103:dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换bad 如果bad做表语,可以有be less impressive替换

  Eg.An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation ,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive.

  104.(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most)替换many.

  注:用many, if not most 一定要小心,many后一定要有词。   Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理 用most, if not all ,替换most.

  105: a slice of, quiet a few , several替换some

  106:harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that)替think (因为是书面语,所以要加that)

  107:affair ,business ,matter 替换thing

  108: shared 代 common

  109.reap huge fruits 替换get many benefits )

  110:for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion

  111:Increasing(ly),growing 替换more and more( 注意没有growingly这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用increasingly.

  Eg.sth has gained growing popularity.  Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth.

  112.little if anything, 或little or nothing替换hardly

  113..beneficial, rewarding替换helpful

  114.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 替换customer

  115.exceedingly,extremely, intensely 替换very

  116.hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable

  117.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in

  118.capture one’s attention替换attract one’s attention.


  120.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear

  121.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换cause

  122. There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth

  123.desire 替换want

  124.pour attention into 替换pay attention to

  125.bear in mind that 替换remember

  126. enjoy, possess 替换have(注意process是过程的意思)

  127. interaction替换communication

  128.frown on sth替换 be against , disagree with sth

  129.to name only a few, as an example替换 for example, for instance

  130. next to / virtually impossible,替换nearly / almost impossible

  131. individuals, characters, folks 替换 people , persons.

  132. positive, favorable, rosy, promising, perfect, pleasurable, excellent, outstanding, superior 替换 good.

  133. dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill 替换 bad(如果bad做表语,可以有be less impressive替换。)

  134. an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of, a host of, many, if not most 替换 many.

  注:用many, if not most 一定要小心,many后一定要有词。

  135. a slice of, quiet a few 替换 some.

  136. harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that 替换 think(因为是书面语,所以要加that)。

  137. affair, business, matter 替换 thing.

  138. shared 替换 common .

  139. reap huge fruits 替换 get many benefits.

  140. for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion.

  141. Increasing(ly), growing 替换 more and more(注意没有growingly这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing修饰形容词,副词用increasingly.)

  142. little if anything或little or nothing 替换 hardly.

  143. beneficial, rewarding 替换 helpful.

  144. shopper, client, consumer, purchaser 替换 customer.

  145. overwhelmingly, exceedingly, extremely, intensely 替换 very.

  146. hardly necessary, hardly inevitable… 替换 unnecessary, avoidable.

  147. indispensable 替换 necessary

  148. sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in.

  149. capture one's attention 替换 attract one's attention.

  150. facet, demension, sphere 替换 aspect.

  151. be indicative of, be suggestive of, be fearful of 替换 indicate, suggest , fear.

  152. give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换 cause.

  153. There are several reasons behind sth 替换 …reasons for sth.

  154. desire 替换 want.

  155. pour attention into 替换 pay attention to.

  156. bear in mind that 替换 remember.

  157. enjoy, possess 替换 have(注意process是过程的意思)。

  158. interaction 替换 communication.

  159. frown on sth 替换 be against , disagree with sth .

  160. to name only a few, as an example 替换 for example, for instance.

  161. next to / virtually impossible 替换 nearly / almost impossible.

  162. regarding / concerning 替换 about.

  163. crucial /paramount 替换 important.

  164. 第一(in the first place/the first and foremost);第二(there is one more point, I should touch on, that…);第三(the last but not the least).

  165. assiduous 替换 hard-working

  166. arduous 替换 difficult

  167. underdeveloped / financially-challenged 替换poor(因为poor通常含有贬义)

  168. demonstrate / manifest 替换 show

  169. invariably 替换 always

  170. perilous / hazardous替换 dangerous(写社会类作文时常用,说什么社会现象是不好的,有害的)

  171. formidable 替换 difficult

  172. quintessential 替换 typical(举例时常用,例如:a quintessential example should be cited that=for example; for instance)

  173. distinguished 替换 famous

  174. feasible 替换 possible

  175. Cannot but/cannot help but替换have to do I could not but(had to) go home.

  176. more often than not替换usually  More often than not(Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.

  177. lest替换so that/in order that I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it.→ I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it.

  178. be long for sth./be long to do sth.替换want to do sth./wish for I want to see you very much. → I am long to see you.

  179. be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to替换be interested in He is caught up in(interested in) collecting stamps.

  180. more than替换very I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September.

  181. perfect(ly)替换good/very well He speaks perfect(good) English./He speaks English perfectly(very well).

  182. do sb. a/the favor替换help Would you please do me the favor (help me) to turn down the radio?

  183. in the course of替换during In the course of(During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety.

  184. the majority of替换most The majority of(Most of) the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema.

  185. consist of替换be made up of Our class consists of(is made up of) 50 students.

  186. be worn out替换be tired/broken After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out(tired). My shoes are worn out(broken). Please buy me a new pair.

  187. attend to替换look after

  188. on condition that替换as long as

  189. nevertheless替换however

  190. express one’s satisfaction with替换be satisfied with

  191. spare no efforts to do替换try one’s best to do

  192. many a替换many

  193. a handful of替换a little/some

  194. meanwhile替换at the same time

  195. get to one’s feet替换stand up

  196. occasionally替换sometimes/once in while

  197. for instance替换for example

  198. seldom替换not often

  199. wealthy替换rich

  200. amazing替换surprising



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